Harare formerly Salisbury is the capital of Zimbabwe. It is the seat of Government, the industrial hub and commercial centre for Zimbabwe. The city was founded by the Cecil John Rhodes-led Pioneer Column in 1890 and named Salisbury. The name was only changed to Harare in 1982 a name borrowed from the regional chief Neharawa of the Kopje area where the city stands. The city's favourable climate earned it the name 'Sunshine City'.



Before colonisation, the place was known as Harawa and it was ruled by Chief Neharawa of present day Seke area. The name was eventually corrupted to Harare. Soon after arriving in Zimbabwe, Cecil John Rhodes and his military forces, Pioneer Column founded Salisbury in 1890. By then it was given the status of a fort. Seven years down the line, the fort was elevated to become a municipality in 1897. Salisbury was later declared a city in 1935.[1] On the 18th of April 1982, two years after the country gained independence, Salisbury was renamed Harare.


As a province, the city includes Harare Urban, Harare Rural, Chitungwiza, Ruwa, Norton and Epworth. In 2013, the city had a population of about 4.2 million people which was expected to reach 5 million by 2025.[2]


The city is run by an elected Non-Executive Mayor, Deputy Mayor, 46 elected Councillors and 12 Councillors.[3] The former represent residents of the constituencies they are elected in. These are all Special Appointments made by the Minister of Local Government Urban and Rural Development. Harare also provides local government services such as education, health, recreation, housing, water and sanitation, fire and ambulance, road construction and maintenance, burial and cremation services among others through its 10 departments which are headed by Directors. The current mayor is Bernard Manyenyeni who was sworn in after the 2013, July 31 elections.[4]


Harare has one of the most favourable climates in the whole world. Temperatures range from 6.25 to 28.7 degrees Celsius while rainfall varies from 0.0 to 645.0 (mm/month).[5] Harar's climate facilitated, Zimbabwe's climate to be voted 'the best climate on Earth' by the International Living magazine’s 2011 Quality of Life Index.[6]

Bad Coverage

Harare has been a victim of western media sponsored falsehoods. In 2011 The Economist rated Harare as the world’s least livable city on earth. During the same time, some surveys conducted by the West ranked it the 4th worst city on earth in 2012.[7]

Interesting Facts About Harare

Interesting Facts About Harare

Some Articles About Harare

Harare Flyovers At Risk Of Collapse Thu Jun 13 2019

Harare Residents Disagree On New Public Order Law (MOPO) Mon Jun 10 2019

PICTURE: Zimbabweans Ride On Top Of Bus As Transport Situation Worsens Wed May 22 2019

See more news on Harare


  1. Hre, Brief Historical Context, 'Harare', Published: ND, Retrieved: 24 Apr 2014
  2. Helen Kadirire, Population growth worries Harare, 'DailyNews', Published: 29 Oct 2013, Retrieved: 24 Apr 2014
  3. Hre, NEW COUNCIL SWORN-IN, 'Harare City', Published: 16 Sept 2013, Retrieved:
  4. Municipal Reporter, Manyenyeni installed as Harare mayor, 'Herald', Published: 19 Dec 2013, Retrieved: 24 Apr 2014
  5. Wrld 66, Climate, 'World 66', Publihed: ND, Retrieved: 24 Apr 2014
  6. Cheryl Robertson, Malta and Zimbabwe share best climate in the world, 'Eturbo News', Published: 11 Mar 2011, Retrieved: 24 Apr 2014
  7. Andre Vltchek, Harare: Is It Really the Worst City on Earth?, 'CounterPunch', Published: 15 Mar 2013, Retrieved: 24 Apr 2014