Constantino Guveya Dominic Nyikadzino Chiwenga is the current Vice President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, the second secretary of Zanu-PF political party and the Minister of Defence Forces of Zimbabwe. He is also the former Commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces (ZDF) and also the former member of Joint Operations Command (JOC).

Constantino Chiwenga
Constantino Chiwenga
Vice President of Zimbabwe
In office
28 December 2017 – Current
Serving with kembo Mohadi
President Emmerson Mnangagwa
Commander of the Zimbabwe Defence Forces
In office
December 2003 – December 2017
Personal details
Born Constantine Guveya Chiwenga
August 25, 1956
Wedza
Spouse(s) Marry Chiwenga
Children Gamuchirai Constantine Jnr, Tendai Dominique, Christian Tawanazororo, Michael Alexander
Residence Harare
Education St Mary's Mission,Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Ethics University of KwaZulu Natal
Profession Military

Contents

Background

Constantino Guveya Chiwenga was born on 25 August 1956 in Wedza, Mashonaland East Province.[1] He attended St Mary’s Mission in Hwedza for his education together with the likes of Perence Shiri.[2]

Chiwenga is formerly married to Jocelyn Mauchaza (1998 to 2010). He later got married to Marry Chiwenga, a former model and the former wife of Shingi Kaondera.

Education

Constantino attended his High School at St Marys School where he left in form three to attend the Liberation War. [3] He attained a Doctorate of Philosophy Degree in Ethics from the University of KwaZulu Natal.[4]

Involvement in the Liberation Struggle

Chiwenga joined the nationalist movements in 1973. It was reported that he absconded from school whilst he was in Form Three together with Perence Shiri after they decided to join the liberation movements during the Second Chimurenga.[2] He joined the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA), which was the military wing of the Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU PF) which is currently led by Mugabe.

After joining the liberation struggle, Chiwenga went to Mozambique where it was reported that he received military training. His nom de Guerre was Dominic Kanenge. Chiwenga rose through the ranks within ZANLA. He became a Provincial Commander for Masvingo/Gaza Province and was deputized by George Chiweshe.[2] In 1978, he was promoted to become a member of the ZANU PF’S High Command. He was tasked to be the Deputy Political Commissar and his commander was Josiah Tungamirai.

Career

After 1980, he was attested into the newly formed Zimbabwe National Army (ZNA) as a Brigadier commanding First Brigade in Bulawayo. He was promoted to become a Major General. In 1994, he became a Lieutenant General. He became the commander of the ZDF when General Vitalis Zvinavashe retired in 2004.[2] Chiwenga is also the commander of the Joint Operations Command (JOC) together with Augustine Chihuri, Perence Shiri, Philip Valerio Sibanda and Paradzai Zimondi

Presidential ambitions

During the period of turmoil within Zanu-PF, in which it was reported that they were two factions, the one led by the ousted Joice Mujuru and the other one led by Emmerson Mnangagwa, Chiwenga was pointed out as being the third factor embroiled within the succession dispute. It was reported that Chiwenga was eyeing to be Mugabe’s successor and his ascendancy to the presidium was to subsequently lead to the creation of Constantine’s Empire.[5] It was reported that Chiwenga had long been eliminating individuals he viewed as obstacles obstructing him to achieve his intended goals. He was said to be the brains behind Shiri’s assassination attempt (December 2008) as well as killing Solomon Mujuru.[6]

Responding to these allegations levelled against him, Chiwenga was reported to have stated that senior Zanu PF officials who were power hungry were tarnishing his image as well as the image of the ZDF. He stated that the ZDF’s role was and is to protect the civilians as well as to safeguard the country from internal and external attacks.[7] Chiwenga had however announced his allegiance to Mugabe when the former was being inaugurated as the head of the state in August 2013 after winning the July 31st elections.[8]

Involvement In Politics

Although Chiwenga argues that the ZDF is non-partisan, the ZDF was reported to have interfered with political issues. Some members of the ZNA have accused Chiwenga of lacking military expertise, thus calling him a political general and not fit to be called a military general. Brigadier General Herbert Chingono and Brigadier Fidelis Chingono were reported to have stated that Chiwenga devotes most of his time dealing with political issues. They opined that he starts work at 7. 30 am and he knocks off at 10 pm, attending to political issues.[9] The two also stated that Chiwenga never received any military training, stating that he only did a mid-level military course of which he never completed the course.[9]


In May 2017, General Chiwenga warned sections of the Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans Association to stop belittling the then President Robert Mugabe, telling them that they would be sent to where they belong. Chiwenga described the war veterans as nobodies. Chiwenga also said he was justified in meddling in politics, despite the fact that Section 212 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe states that the core business of the Defence Forces is to uphold the Constitution among other responsibilities,

Chiwenga was quoted as saying

This must now stop, or we are going to send them to where they belong. If they want to remain as part and parcel of those disciplined, loyal, patriotic cadres, they must now understand that it is the party, it is the government that sets the direction.

...Some will ask why I am speaking about these issues, they will talk of separation of the military from politics in the Constitution. I went to the struggle — that will not change. You cannot change history. We went out there. We are also cadres. We rose through the ranks.

I am not only Commander of the Defence Forces, but also I was their commander there in the struggle. And the defence of this country, the security of this country — because the security services, be they the President’s Department, be they the Police, be they the Prisons and Correctional Services — they are combatants.[10]

In November 2017 the Army Commander released a press statement that the army would intervene. In The press statement, General Constantino Chiwenga was reported to have warned politicians in the ruling Zanu-PF party to stop purging heroes of the Second Chimurenga Liberation War or the military would be forced to step in. General Chiwenga reportedly warned the politicians to stop denigrating the military and security services. This followed after President Robert Mugabe had dismissed his deputy and longtime aide, former vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa.[11]

Involvement in Operation Restore Legacy

After the press statement, an operation dubbed Operation Restore Legacy was led by the General.This followed the resignation of Robert Mugabe after being president for 37 years. Chiwenga received public admiration as he was credited for the takeover. Restore Legacy, How it unfolded

Breaking:Army Commander General Chiwenga press conference on latest Developments

Appointment as Vice President

On the 23rd of December 2017, the President and First Secretary of Zanu-PF Emmerson Mnangagwa appointed Retired General Constantino Dominic Nyikadzino Guvheya Chiwenga as Vice President and Second Secretary of Zanu-PF political party.[12] Chiwenga And Kembo Mohadi Appointed Vice Presidents

Lawsuit

Jonathan Moyo

In November 2017 the Retired General sued Jonathan Moyo for defamation of character.The $5 million lawsuits emanated from a press statement issued by Moyo on 9 July 2017 insinuating that Chiwenga did not earn his doctorate degree with the University of KwaZulu Natal, but someone wrote his thesis on his behalf.Chiwenga sues Jonathan Moyo for defamation .

Chiwenga Fall

Chiwenga was reported to have slipped and fallen at the Zanu-PF Headquarters on the 8th of March 2018. He missed a Politburo meeting as he had to rush to seek medical attention. However, his injury was reported to have been mild and back at work. George Charamba reportedly confirmed that the ex-rays showed no serious injury, only bruised tissue on his arm which needed a little application of balm. Chiwenga Returned To Work After Being Rushed To Hospital

Trivia

Name Change

With effect from the 20th of June 2016, the general changed his name from Constantine Chiwenga to Constantino Guveya Dominic Nyikadzino Chiwenga. [14]

Publicised divorce

Chiwenga’s marriage with Jocelyn began to crumble in 2010. Chiwenga left his matrimonial home in April 2010 stating that his wife was violent and he was running away for his dear life. He argued that, his wife would beat him after she would have sedated him.[15] Jocelyn, however, argued that Chiwenga was abusive.[16] She stated that,
I regret ever marrying him. If l had known he was an abusive husband like this l would not have married him. I don’t care now. I am out of his system [16]

The divorce case exposed the wealth that Chiwenga amassed from 2002 up to date.[17] In September 2014, he evicted his former wife from the family’s Dockson Farm in Goromonzi.[18] His former wife also confirmed that she was receiving threatening messages from unknown callers who were warning her to vacate from her Borrowdale Brooke mansion.[16] Jocelyn also stated that she found juju and an assortment of items used for ritual purposes after a safe was opened in one of the rooms in Chiwenga’s house in Borrowdale Brooke.[19]

Most of the couples’ properties were registered in the name of companies and below is a summary of their wealth.

3 850 square meters and Liversay Investments (Pvt) Ltd which owns a property at 614 Prince Drive in Borrowdale Brook measuring 4 817 square meters.

They also own stand 539 Borrowdale Brooke measuring 1 456 meters squared as well as Dominicus Investments (Pvt) Ltd which owns an industrial stand in Marondera.

She also got the 3 850 square meter stand from where her company Zimsafe operated from and a similar industrial unit which the couple was leasing. She also received two properties in Borrowdale Brooke.


Some Articles About Constantino Chiwenga

Nurses Strike: Citizens Write Letters To Chiwenga Expressing Their Concerns Thu Apr 19 2018

Mnangagwa Is Yet To Accept That He Is Just Ceremonial: PDP Comments On Nurses Strike Thu Apr 19 2018

Picture: Chiwenga, Mnangagwa and Parirenyatwa’s Tense Moment At Independence Celebrations Wed Apr 18 2018


References

  1. Constantine Chiwenga, AFRICA CONFIDENTIAL, Published: 2010, Retrieved: 19 Jan 2015
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Geoffrey Nyarota, Shiri's assassination attempt was a hoax, The Zimbabwe Situation, published:6 Jan 2009, retrieved:19 January 2015"
  3. Chiwenga: Authoring end of Mugabe tyranny , , Published:16 November 2017 , Retrieved: 20 December 2017
  4. General Chiwenga attains a PhD, joins Dr. Grace Mugabe, Dr. Mujuru and others , Published:10 May 2015, Retrieved:14 November 2017
  5. Rodrick Mugabe, Only Chiwenga, Mnangagwa Can Rule Zimbabwe, Zim Eye, published:7 Oct 2014,retrieved:19 January 2015"
  6. Fortune Tazvida, Chiwenga ordered Mujuru assassination, Nehanda Radio, published:13 Jan 2012, retrieved:19 January 2015"
  7. Lovemore Chikova, Chiwenga speaks on ZANU-PF fights, The Herald, published:15 Sep 2014, retrieved:19 January 2015"
  8. General Constantine Chiwenga pledges allegiance to Mugabe, Bulawayo24 News, published:22 Aug 2013,retrieved:19 January 2015"
  9. 9.0 9.1 WIKILEAKS: Chiwenga a political General, says ZNA officers, ZimEye, published:3 Sep 2011, retrieved:19 January 2015"
  10. This nonsense must now end!, Herald, published: 02 May 2017,Retrieved:4 May 2017"
  11. Marick Matara (13 November 2017). "Updated: General Chiwenga's Statement Warning Zanu-PF To Stop Purging Liberation War Stalwarts, Warns Military Will Not Hesitate To Step In". Pindula. Retrieved 14 November 2017. 
  12. [1], BREAKING: Chiwenga, Mohadi appointed vice presidents , Published: 23 December 2017 , Retrieved: 23 December 2017
  13. Army Boss Chiwenga is Grace Mugabe's Brother ?, ZimEye, published:31 Oct 2014,retrieved:19 January 2015"
  14. Gen Chiwenga changes name, Herald, published:30 July 2016,retrieved:4 May 2017"
  15. Wife beatings drove me from home: Chiwenga, New Zimbabwe, published:11 Oct 2012,retrieved19 January 2015:"
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Ex-wife exposes Chiwenga, The Standard, published:5 Oct 2014,retrieved:19 January 2015"
  17. Chiwengas’ vast wealth exposed, Zimbabwe Independent, published:19 Sep 2014,retrieved:19 January 2015"
  18. Chiwenga evicts estranged wife from farm, Newsday, published:12 Sep 2014, retrieved:19 January 2014"
  19. Juju rocks divorce saga, The Zimbabwean, published:7 Oct 2014, retrieved:19 January 2015"
  20. "Chiwengas' vast wealth exposed". Zimbabwe Independant. September 19, 2014. Retrieved November 14, 2017.